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Noise reduction problem of robot hub motor
Zhongling| 2024-03-08| Return

The noise reduction problem of robot hub motors has always been one of the key challenges in robot design. As the driving part of the robot, the noise level of the hub motor directly affects the user experience and performance of the robot. Therefore, studying and implementing effective noise reduction measures is crucial for improving the overall performance of robots.

Firstly, we need to understand the sources of hub motor noise. The noise of the hub motor mainly comes from the mechanical and electromagnetic parts. The noise of the mechanical part can be caused by friction of bearings, meshing of gears, etc; The noise in the electromagnetic part is related to factors such as the motor winding and iron core.

To reduce the noise of the mechanical part, we can take the following measures:

1. Choose high-quality bearings and gears to ensure their fitting accuracy and lubrication performance, in order to reduce friction and vibration.

2. Optimize the meshing parameters of gears, such as number of teeth, modulus, etc., to reduce noise during gear meshing.

3. Strengthen the rigidity and stability of the motor to reduce the generation of vibration and noise.

For the noise in the electromagnetic part, we can take the following measures:

1. Optimize the winding design of the motor to reduce the generation of electromagnetic noise. For example, using structures such as fractional slot windings and inclined slots to reduce the amplitude of electromagnetic noise.

2. Choose appropriate iron core materials and structures to reduce magnetic flux density and pulsation, thereby reducing electromagnetic noise.

3. Optimize the control strategy of the motor, such as using PWM control, brushless DC motor, etc., to reduce the noise level of the motor.

In addition to the above measures, we can also reduce the noise of hub motors from other aspects:

1. Strengthen the heat dissipation performance of the motor to ensure that the temperature during operation is not too high, thereby reducing noise caused by thermal expansion.

2. Optimize the structural design of the motor, such as adding sound insulation materials, reducing the height of the motor, etc., to reduce the propagation and diffusion of noise.

3. Conduct dynamic balance testing and adjustment on the motor to ensure that it reaches the optimal balance state during operation, thereby reducing vibration and noise.

In practical applications, we can choose appropriate noise reduction measures based on specific situations. For example, in some scenarios with high noise requirements, we can adopt a combination of multiple measures to achieve better noise reduction effects. At the same time, we also need to pay attention to the impact of noise reduction measures on motor performance, ensuring that the performance of the motor is not compromised while reducing noise.

In short, the noise reduction problem of robot hub motors is a complex and important issue. By gaining a deeper understanding of the sources of noise and taking effective noise reduction measures, we can significantly improve the user experience and performance of robots. With the continuous progress and innovation of technology, we believe that more advanced noise reduction technologies will be applied in the field of robotics in the future, bringing more convenience and fun to our lives.

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